Fascinating Finnish Vocabulary


Tights are neither socks nor pants but something in between, hence the word ‘sock pants’.


The literal translation of "virtahepo" is "stream-horse". This one doesn’t make any sense, as hippos don’t resemble horses at all, neither do they live in streams. Perhaps it came about due to a distinct lack of wild hippos in Finland.


It can be translated as "iron road". Not much to say about this one as it is yet another highly-literal translation. Somehow, it does sound nicer to say ‘iron road’ than ‘railway’.

Types of Finnish Verb

Type 1

Verbs that belong to this type have an infinitive that ends in two vowels (-aa, -ea, -eä, -ia, -iä, -oa, -ua, -yä, -ää, -öä).

Type 2

This type of verbs consists of verbs that end in -da/-dä.

Type 3

Verbs that belong to this type end in -lla/-llä, -nna/-nnä, -rra/-rrä, -sta/-stä (in other words: in two consonants and a vowel).

Type 4

Verbs that belong to type four end in -ata/-ätä, -ota/-ötä, -uta/-ytä.

Type 5

Type five is quite rare. Verbs that belong to this type end in -ita/-itä.

Type 6

Most of the type six verbs have something in common when you translate them. Their meaning will usually be “to become something”. This implies a change from one state to another (becoming cold, hot, etc). They end in -eta/-etä.

Tips on How To Learn A New Language

Know Your Motivation
This might sound obvious, but if you don’t have a good reason to learn a language, you are less likely to stay motivated over the long-run.
Keep It Relevant
Talking to people is one of the best ways to learn a language because it keeps the learning process relevant to you.
Learn with a Friend
This way, you have someone with whom you can speak, and that’s the idea behind learning a new language.


Joel Nieminen

Founder of Gunesli Finnish Language Course

Courses are arranged at levels ranging from basic level to advanced level (A1, A2, B1, B2, C1). Textbook, photocopies, coffee, tea and biscuits come with the lessons. Online lessons are also available.

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